Mystical, Magical Mercury – Part 1

(for those who missed out on both the 1945 announcement and its significance)

by T. L. Keller

alloy                            a mixture of two or more metals.

atomic number           the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.  The atomic number of mercury is 80.  See above.

compound                   two or more chemical elements in an atomic bonding. For example: mercury oxide, a compound of mercury and oxygen (HgO).

element                      any substance that cannot be separated into different chemical substances by ordinary chemical methods.  For example, both oxygen and mercury are chemical elements.

Hg                               symbol for mercury on the Periodic Table of the Elements.

isotope                        an isotope is a form of a chemical element with a nucleus consisting of the same number of protons, but a specific number of neutrons.  All isotopes of mercury have the same number of protons (80).  Example: mercury-196 contains 116 neutrons.  Mercury-204 contains 124 neutrons.  There are five additional stable isotopes of mercury. Four others are radioisotopes (i.e., radioactive).

space-time                  any mathematical model that fuses the three dimensions of space and the one of time into a single 4-dimensional continuum. Also called spacetime.

zero point energy       a seething mass of energy fluctuations within a vacuum at a temperature of absolute zero (-459.67°F.). Also known as ZPE.  [layman definition]

                                    the energy of a system at a temperature of zero. In quantum field theory, the vacuum state is the quantum state with the lowest possible energy; it contains no physical particles and is in the energy of the ground state.  [scientific definition]


Perhaps the reader is thinking of the planet Mercury. But, alas, the next few pages and Part 2 of this article are about the elementmercury, and, I think, a much more significant topic than the first rock from the Sun.  

First, a few words about the element.  We all know about mercury, right?  It’s that funny, silvery and highly reflective substance that they no longer put in oral thermometers or use as an amalgam in dentistry, but did in my youth before it was banned (due to its high toxicity).  Mercury, otherwise known as quicksilver and element number 80 (the atomic number) on the Periodic Table of the Elementsgot its odd symbol, Hg, from a “Latin-ized” Greek word, hydrargyrum. It was discovered around 1500 BC and was used extensively in medicinal preparations.  Its vapor pressure is relatively high, and it is highly volatile. 

At room temperature, of course, it’s a liquid metal, technically, what is called a transitional metal.  It is unique in this respect.  At 4°Kelvin (near absolute zero), mercury becomes a solid and is then perfectly conducting — it has no electrical resistance.  It then is a “superconductor.”  Of course, it can be vaporized too, and we will address that state of matter in Part 2.  Part 1 will deal with mercury in its elemental, liquid form and as a compound. 

Mercury (Hg) on the Periodic Table of Elements

Mercury can be alloyed with other metals and also can be a compound with other elements. There are seven, stable isotopes plus four, radioactive isotopes of mercury; and if you go to Wikipedia there’s a long story of its many uses throughout history. For this article, though, we’re concerned about how mercury in some specific formulations, most likely, has been applied in advanced, aerospace propulsion.  

The Experiment

“The Bell,” otherwise known in German as Die Glocke, was the name of an alleged experiment conducted in 1945 by Nazi Germany near a small town (Ludwikowice or Ludwigsdorf, in German) in southern Poland.  The experiment itself was conducted both in a test chamber in the Wenceslas Mine and, perhaps, also outdoors in a circular structure known as the “Fly Trap” or the “Henge.”  The purpose of the experiment depends on to whom you talk.  Generally, it was: (1) an energy generation experiment; (2) an anti-gravity experiment; (3) a space-time experiment; or even (4) all of the above.

Model of Die Glocke

There is, of course, a long-standing legend of the development of flying discs in Germany beginning in the 1920s.  If that were true, then the Bell experiment would have been the R&D test of another type of anti-gravity propulsion system presumably intended for an advanced flying disc program.  The test was alleged to have been executed in February/March 1945 under the technical direction of Prof. Dr. Walther Gerlach (Professor of Physics, University of Munich, specializing in magnetism and gravitation)  and noted Dr. Kurt Debus, an electrical engineer. [1]  The administrative director was infamous SS General Hans Kammler whose headquarters were in Prague, Czechoslovakia, not far from the test site.

The Purposes of The Bell Experiment [2]

Energy Generation

During WWII, Romania, an ally of Germany, was one of the largest oil producers in Europe and the Ploieștioil fields were a major part of that production. The Ploiesti oil refineries provided about 30% of all Axis oil production.  Beginning in 1942, numerous air raids on the Ploieștiand other fields reduced oil production drastically (it was not unusual to have Axis vehicles run short of fuel).  Even though Germany could convert coal to synthetic petroleum fuels, demand for more fuel gradually exceeded supplies.  It was theorized that the Bell experiment might provide a means of tapping into the zero point energy field 3and provide the energy to replace electrical generating facilities that were consuming fossil fuels.


It was thought that the principal purpose of the experiment was to control gravity.  Some will say, Control gravity, are you serious?  Yes, to control gravity.  The Nazis tried everything else, why not the control of gravity?This would reduce or eliminate the use of fossil fuels in aircraft, allow any normally-weighted object to be lifted as if it were weightless or near-weightless and to travel at extraordinary velocities. The control or partial control of gravity might also have given Germany the capability of interplanetary travel.

Space-Time Distortion

Gravity and space-time are directly related.  Gravity curves or folds space-time. [4] Bearing in mind that Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity came into being in 1915 (Einstein was a Jewish German who migrated to the US before the war), many European scientists were well aware of the elements of it including the possibility of being able to control space and time (i.e., space-time, which has since then been proven true experimentally and not just theoretically).  If the German Nazis had been able to master the control of space-time, the possibilities of creating a decisive weapon and consequent victory were endless.   The control of space-time might also have given Germany the capability of interstellar travel.

The Bell Device and the Test Site

The Bell is depicted in the illustration above showing a model as it might have appeared in 1945.  The following is a description by Joseph P. Farrell: [5]

  1. “ The Bell consisted of: (a) “Two counter-rotating cylinders on a common axis, which cylinders were apparently filled with or coated with pure mercury; (b) “The axis itself consisted of a heavy metal core, presumably hollow, since it was the receptacle for the mysterious thorium-beryllium-mercury compound known as Xerum-525 [6]; (c) “The outer casing was made of a ceramic material.
  2.  “The mercury, and presumably the interior of the Bell, was tremendously cooled by (presumably liquid) nitrogen and oxygen;
  3. “The Bell was approximately (according to this latest research of Witkowski [7]) 2.5 meters high ( about eight to nine feet high) and about 1.5 meters (or about four to five feet), smaller than initially reported by Cook.” [8]

The test chamber was located deep inside the Wenceslas Mine (this part of southern Poland is peppered with a series of former coal mines, caverns and chambers that were dug by slave laborers as part of the Project Riesecomplex, Hitler’s future center of the Nazi German Reich.  The Bell itself was powered by high voltage cables to support the electric motor that drove the contra-rotating cylinders within it.  Once the Bell was powered up to maximum speed, it was claimed that a bluish light was seen emanating from the outer casing.  Various experiments were conducted using plants, animals and humans while the Bell was in operation.  It is said that the effects of the Bell extended some 650-700 feet beyond the test chamber.  The operators were said to have worn rubber suits and their eyes protected by red visors. The floor of the chamber was covered with rubber mats and allegedly replaced after every test.

The “Fly Trap” or the “Henge”

Outside of the Wenceslas Mine, it was claimed that there was a control room, a circular concrete structure (see illustration below) and a nearby power plant.  The circular, steel-reinforced, concrete structure, known as the “Fly Trap” or “Henge,” was said to be a test bed where the Bell was placed on the ground in the center.  It was alleged to be connected by steel chains to the circumference of the structure to limit its vertical rise into the air.

VW camper and the “Fly Trap” or “Henge” [9]

Some claim that the concrete structure was simply the base of a then-existent cooling tower.   After doing a little research on the Internet, I indeed did discover a contemporary German design for cooling towers with the same general design and structure. The only thing was that the diameter of thisstructure was larger than any of the standard designs of that time.  Also, in my opinion, this structure was located in a very odd place. You don’t need a cooling tower to mine coal.  Cooling towers are located very close to the source of heated water that had to be chilled. It was very far away from any facility where there would have been heated water that needed to be cooled.

Who Built The Bell?

During 2013-2014, I spent about 18 months touring Europe and living in my Volkswagen camper-van (for a size comparison, see the illustration above; my van is in the foreground).  Among my primary interests was visiting WWI and WWII battlefields, science museums and other similar venues.  As a non-professional historian, I also visited, Peenemünde (where the V-1 flying bomb and the V-2 rockets were originally designed, built and tested), Nordhausen (where they were later built) and other sites of historical interest. I also visited the site of the Bell experiment to verify, at least in my own mind, that the experiment actually took place.

Without going into a lot of detail here, let me just say that while at the site, I took a photograph of an artifact that made no sense to me at the time.  I discovered a plaque mounted on the outside wall of the control room.    Below the customary, Nazi German eagle and swastika, it read in Gothic German lettering,

Puzzled, upon returning to my camper, I went onto the Internet to discover the meaning behind that plaque.  First, I knew “Ludwigsdorf” was the name of the Polish town (in German).  “Molke” was the name of that particular site.  Apparently, there were other sites in the area called Molke 1, Molke 2, etc. “AG” is the equivalent of “Inc.” in the US.  The real shocker was that in 1945, Dynamit Nobel AG, was not only a chemical company, but was also a weapons manufacturer with an office in Hamburg (!).  Dynamit Nobel AG originated in Sweden in 1865 and was founded by Alfred Nobel, the discoverer of dynamite and gelignite and the benefactor to the Nobel Prize.  Nobel used mercury fulminate as a detonator for his explosive products.  Today, it  is known as Dynamit Nobel Defence.

Dynamit Nobel Defence Logo

Now, wouldn’t it make sense to have a chemical supplier that also was a weapons manufacturer to fabricate the device?  Perhaps, they supplied the mercury and, most likely, also manufactured the device.  Allegedly, AEG, the German electronics company, was also involved.  The plaque is shown below.

The Plaque [10]

I should add that the Wenceslas Mine was closed at the time of my visit for undisclosed reasons.  Oh, yes, I also found a control room, some very heavy electrical cables in one of the adjacent tunnels and there was a bombed-out,  electricity-generating station quite close to the site.  If you’re wondering, the whole area in that small valley was destroyed by allied bombers during WWII.  Nearly all of the structures were decimated and are still in that state even after all of these decades.  It’s almost like time stood still in that little valley.

Surprise Dinner Conversation [11]

On my last night, I was staying in my VW camper-van at a local campsite. The campsite was close to a nice Polish restaurant, and I was so tired that I figured I was deserving of a real dinner for a change.  While ordering my meal, not being Polish, I naturally spoke in English. There were two Polish men and a woman in an adjoining table, and they struck up a conversation with me.  I told them I was staying in the campsite, and they proceeded to tell me about the local attractions.  They said that this part of Poland was very famous (well, for them it was).  I asked, “What is it famous for?”  They told me that there were many local mines that we excavated by the Germans during the war, and that I should see the Wenceslas Mine nearby.  I asked them, “What happened there?”  One of the men, who identified himself as an IT engineer, told me that an experiment was conducted in that mine during the war. He said that one of his old German friends had been a technician on the experiment.  I asked what the experiment was for, and he told me that it was an “experiment in anti-gravity.”  He said his friend had no documentation or other evidence, but that the experiment was successful.  He assured me that it was a true story.  I thanked him for the information (I didn’t tell him that I was in the region specifically to investigate Die Glocke and anti-gravity).

Mystical, Magical Mercury –Part 2: In Part 2 of the next issue, we will present a snapshot of the historical background that lead up to the first public glimpse in 1991 to what is today known as “The Alien Reproduction Vehicle” or ARV.  Look for it in the next issue at your news stand!


  1. Dr. Kurt Debus, who specialized in high voltage power,  emigrated to the US as part of Operation Paperclip.  He later became the first director of NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
  2. Keller, T. L., The Total Novice’s Guide To The Secret Space Program, 2FS Press, digital edition, 2017, chapter 3.
  3. Keller, T. L., “ZPE: Breakthrough Science?,” The MUFON Journal, August 2018, pages 18-19, 23.
  4. Keller, T. L., “Gravitational Waves Discovered,”The MUFON Journal, November 2017, pages 10-11, 23.
  5.  Farrell, Joseph P., The SS Brotherhood of the Bell: The Nazis’ Incredible Secret Technology, Adventures Unlimited Press, 2006, pages 172-175.
  6. Some reporters, including from Joseph P. Farrell, suggest that the “recipe” for “Xerum 525” was mercury antimonite oxide (Hg2Sb2O7).  This compound is sometimes called “red mercury.” Ibid, page 278.  In Farrell’s book it is speculated that a radioactive (unstable) isotope of mercury was used to compound Xerum 525.  Mercury would likely be explosive under both radioactive and electrical stresses.
  7. Witkowski, Igor, The Truth About the Wunderwaffe, Books International, Farnborough, England, 2003.  Translated from Polish by Bruce Wenham: the story of Hitler’s secret “Wonder Weapons.”  Witkowski is a  Polish aerospace historian. 
  8. Cook, Nick, The Hunt For Zero Point, Broadway Books, 2002.
  9. Courtesy of the author.
  10. Ibid. 
  11. Keller, T. L., The Total Novice’s Guide To The Secret Space Program, 2FS Press, digital edition, 2017, chapter 3.

© 2018 T. L. Keller 

T. L. Keller may be reached at:  Comments are always appreciated.