How Do (Some) UFOs Work? — Part 2

By T. L. Keller

1896-1897 airships                craft that were claimed to have flown under power over the US in the late 1800s.

changeling                              a fairy or elf child that is substituted for a human child during an abduction.

electrogravitic                        a technology developed by T. Townsend Brown and Dr. Paul A. Biefeld in the 1920s anddemonstrated to create an anti-gravity, propulsive force.  Electrogravitic is a concatenation of electricity + gravity.

ETI                                          Extraterrestrial Intelligence

fairy ring                                 a physical ring on the ground, often thought of as consisting of flowers, stones or mushrooms, about which fairies or elves dance.

multiverse                              see parallel universes.

parallel universes                  a theory that in the infinity of space-time, there are other universes in addition to our own Universe. Each of these may have different physical laws and constants.  

portal                                      aterm usually indicating an opening into another dimension or space.  A transportation device. 

space-time distortion             space-time is any mathematical model that fuses the three dimensions of space and the one of time into a single 4-dimensional continuum. Also called spacetime.  Space-time can be folded or distorted by the presence of mass or energy.

superstring theory                 a theory of cosmology that attempts to consolidate the very large (planets, solar systems, galaxies, etc.) and the very small (quarks, electrons, etc.) into one mathematical equation to model the physics of the Universe.  Currently, there are 10 dimensions in that equation: height, length, width, time plus six other dimensions.

wormhole                               a wormhole may connect extremely long distances such as a billion light years or more; short distances such as a few feet; different universes; and/or different points in time.   This is proposed in Einstein’s general theory of relativity where the combination of space and time into a single space-time continuum could theoretically allow one to traverse both space and time using a wormhole with the correct conditions.  Also known scientifically as an Einstein-Rosen bridge.  Wormholes are theoretical and have not as yet been proven to exist.


Parts of this article will sound familiar.  We discussed space warp propulsion in the October 2018 issue [1].  In the April 2019 issue [2] we presented Part 1 of “How Do (Some) UFOs Work?” That article covered electrogravitic propulsion, space-time distortion and wormholes.  This article will attempt to reveal, in a very simple overview, Jacques Vallee’s hypothesis of inter-dimensional beings and their inter-universal transition between parallel universes and our Earthly reality.

Dr. Jacques Vallee

To some readers the name Jacques Vallee may be unfamiliar. Dr. Vallee is a French astrophysicist and computer scientist by profession.  His research into the UFO phenomenon began when he witnessed the destruction of tracking tapes of UFOs at the Paris Observatory.  Among a number of other books, he authored Dimensions: A Casebook of Alien Contactin 1988.  [3]  Dr. Vallee was depicted as the French astronomer played by Francois Truffaut in Steven Spielberg’s classic film Close Encounters of the Third Kind.  In this article, Vallee’s book will be reviewed in some detail as it represents an exotic form of ETI transportation: inter-dimensional “portals.”

Dr. Jacques Vallee

The Multiverse Hypothesis

A multiverse is a hypothetical group of multiple universes.  It proposes that there are multiple universes concurrently in existence along with our own Universe.   A multiverse is also known as an omni-universe or meta-universe.  Accordingly, it is:

“Together, these universes comprise everything that exists: the entirety of space, time, matter, energy, and the physical laws and constants that describe them. The different universes within the multiverse are called ‘parallel universes’, ‘other universes’, or ‘alternate universes’”. [4]

It is generally considered that in parallel universes (if they exist), each universe may have different states of matter, different physical laws and different constants. For example, in Einstein’s famous equation, E = mc2, in a parallel universe that equation might be E = ½ mc2or the element Moscovium (element 115) might be stable and in a great abundance.

Artist conception of a multiverse

Fairies and the 19thCentury Airship Mystery

In Dimensions,Vallee cites a number of stories and tales of fairies and elves that were frequently reported in various parts of Europe, including and in particular Ireland and Scotland.  In 1691 Reverend Kirk of Aberfoyle, Scotland, studied theology at St. Andrews and was a professor in Edinburgh.  Kirk wrote a manuscript entitled The Secret Commonwealth of Elves, Fauns and Fairies.  Kirk described the organization of elves in what he called the Secret Commonwealth.  In this he described a variety of strange creatures that plagued the farming communities of Scotland.  To summarize, Kirk reported that elves had a status somewhere between man and angels.  He claimed that they were very light of weight, had fluid bodies and had the power to carry away anything they wished including human children.  Kirk cautioned that their chameleon-like bodies allowed them to fly through the air, appear or disappear at will and when they frequently traveled, they were dangerous to humans.  The fairies were often seen dancing in a fairy ring and sometimes along with human dancers as well.  Their habits and their speech when they converse with humans were similar.  

Depiction of a fairy ring dance

Beginning in 1896, mysterious airships appeared in various locations over the United States.  In November, hundreds of San Francisco area residents saw a large, elongated object that had brilliant searchlights and flew slowly against the wind (therefore, it was under its own power).  Between January and March 1897, nothing was reported.  But in March a number of observations of a nearly identical airship were reported in the Midwest.  According to Vallee, “A witness named Alexander Hamilton described it: a craft with turbine wheels and a glass section with strange beings aboard looking down . . .  In March, an object of even stranger appearance was seen by Robert Hibbard, a farmer living fifteen miles north of Sioux City, Iowa.  Hibbard not only saw the airship, but an anchor hanging from a rope attached to the mysterious craft caught his clothes and dragged him several feet, until he fell back to earth.” [5].Also, in 1897, a mystery airship was sighted over Aurora, Texas.  In that case, the airship was said to have struck a windmill, crashed  and the alleged alien body is said to have been buried in an unmarked grave at the local cemetery.

Drawing of 1896 mystery airship  [6]

The Fátima and Lourdes Apparitions

Between May 13, 1917 and on nearly every 13thday through October, a series of apparitional events took place in a large pasture near Fátima, Portugal.  It began when three children experienced a vision of a woman “in a bright glow.”  They said the glow almost blinded them.  The woman allegedly said to the children that she was “from Heaven.”  Their descriptions also included those of lights with strange colors, luminous spheres and the unusual movement of clouds. There were feelings of “heat waves,” the falling-leaf motion of a saucer through the air, loss of consciousness and clairvoyant prophecy.  

Undeterred, the children reported the incident.  On June 13, fifty people attended the event that occurred at the same location. Vallee describes the event as: “They watched while the little shepherds knelt and became transfigured, as if transported into another world, at the time of the observation.”  On July 13, there were 4,500 observers.  On October 13, there were 70,000.  Prior to the event there was a flash of light at noon and a sweet, strange fragrance in the air.   Two witnesses using binoculars claimed to have seen two beings and a ladder.

Representation of the Fátima apparition

In the south of France, a similar event took place at Lourdes on February 11, 1858.  Bernadette Soubirous, a fourteen-year-old girl, was gathering firewood near a grotto (cave-like enclosure).  She heard “a great noise, like the sound of a storm.”  After hearing the same again, she looked up and out of a golden-colored cloud, saw a beautiful, female entity who stood on top of a bush and later on top of a small tree.  This event was similar to the Fátima event as the apparition there stood on top of leaves as though her feet did not touch the ground.  Bernadette became paralyzed. Later Bernadette was directed by the Lady to perform absurd acts such as to eat grass and to dig with her hands in sandy soil.   When the apparition continued to appear for the next 15 days, she requested that a chapel be built to commemorate the event and to shelter worshippers.

As it did for the Fátima event, the Roman Catholic Church declared the event to be a miracle.  In 1966, while at Lourdes I observed hundreds of disabled worshippers and their caregivers arriving in Lourdes and praying at the grotto where, allegedly, the Blessed Virgin Mary miraculously appeared.

Quoting directly from Vallee’s book:

“A former Jesuit priest, Father Salvatore Freixedo, has deeply researched this aspect of the phenomenon in several books . . . He argues convincingly that the spiritual control system of which UFOs are a part may have resulted in the religious myths that keep mankind in a state of abject submission to obsolete myths.  In our private conversations, he implied that the phenomenon originates with entities that manipulate our reality and our destiny for their own purposes.  Using our naiveté and our lack of critical judgment in the presence of ‘miracles,’ these entities, in his view, play with our emotions in order to be worshipped as gods.”  [7]

Inter-dimensional Beings

InGlimpses of Other Realities: Vol. 1: Facts and Eyewitnesses, Linda Moulton Howe refers to inter-dimensional beings as “Shadow Beings” who appear to walk through walls or ceilings. It is as if a being reaches through and opens up a tear or hole in the fabric of our three dimensions, and then steps through the tear into our realm.   These beings have been known to be in the company of the Small Grays.

“Shadow Beings” [8]

Dr. Vallee’s Theory

So, how do dancing fairies, mystery airships and a beautiful female apparition have to do with this topic?  In Dimensions, Vallee states that:

“[T]he observation can be made that it is possible to make large sections of any population believe in the existence of supernatural races, in the possibility of flying machines, in the plurality of inhabited worlds, by exposing them to a few carefully engineered scenes the details of which are adapted to the culture and symbols of a particular time and place. . . If it were possibleto make three-dimensional holograms with mass, and to project them through time, I would say this is what [has occurred in these instances].   And with that theory we would explain many of the apparitions.  In  numerous UFO cases and in some religious miracles, the beings appeared as three-dimensional images whose feet did not actually touch the ground. [9]

Thus, it is Vallee’s theory that many (if not all) of the above events were hologram projections by a superior intelligence occupying other dimensions or parallel universes and they have done (or do that) for their own purposes.  In essence, these superior intelligences projected images of fairies or elves in the customary clothing of the time.  Analogously, they projected a powered airship using an image of the technology of that age.  Vallee would say that the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary was projected in the image of what local Portuguese farmers would expect in the early 20thcentury.

From Dimensions:

“But we have also had to note carefully the chameleon-like character of the secondary attributes of the sightings: the shapes of the objects, the appearances of their occupants, and their reported statements vary as a function of the cultural environment into which they are projected.  [10]

In this last statement, Vallee seems to be saying that whether fairies, airships, apparitions or beings, the images were what would have been expected given the locale, belief system or level of technology at the time of the event.  Indeed, Vallee suggests that:

“To put it bluntly, the UFO phenomenon does not give evidence of being extraterrestrial at all.  Instead it appears to be inter-dimensional and so manipulate physical realities outside of our own space-time continuum.” [11]

And finally:“Are we dealing instead with a parallel universe, another dimension, where there are human races living, and where we may go at our expense, never to return to the present?  Are these races only semihuman, so that in order to maintain contact with us, they need crossbreeding with men and women of our planet? Is this the origin of the many tales and legends where genetics plays a great role: the symbolism of the Virgin in occultism and religion, the fairy tales involving human midwives and changelings, the sexual overtones of the flying saucer reports, the biblical stories of intermarriage between the Lord’s angels and terrestrial women, whose offspring were giants?  From the mysterious universe, are higher beings projecting objects that can materialize and dematerialize at will?  Are the UFOs ‘windows’ rather than ‘objects’?  There is nothing to support these assumptions, and yet, in view of the historical continuity of the phenomenon, alternatives are hard to find, unless we deny the reality of all the facts, as our peace of mind would indeed prefer.” [12]

To be absolutely clear, Vallee is not claiming that all UFO sightings are merely holographic projections.  He is claiming that some are holograms and that they are staged.  Bottom line: Vallee states that UFOs are “constructed both as physical craft and as psychic devices whose properties remain to be defined.” [13]  This topic will be pursued in future  Journal articles.


In the “Space Warp Propulsion” series of articles we present, to a reasonable level of technical detail, how someUFOs work.  Have I explained how inter-dimensionalUFOs work?  Of course not.  All we have done here is to examine the theory as proposed by Dr. Vallee, a famed astrophysicist and UFO researcher, and recognize that not all non-terrestrial beings transport themselves in the same way.  Why should they?  To this author, it seems natural that given the large variety of reported beings and their respective craft, not all of them operate in the same manner.   What we should conclude is that it is better to keep an open mind and be considerate of allpossibilities — including the inter-dimensional one.


  1. Keller, T. L. The MUFON Journal, “Space Warp Propulsion,” October 2018, pages 13-16.
  2. Keller, T. L., The MUFON Journal, “How Do (Some) UFOs Work?”, April 2019, pages 19-21, 23.
  3. Vallee, Dr. Jacques, Dimensions: A Casebook of Alien Contact, Contemporary Books, 1988.
  4. Courtesy of Wikipedia.
  5. Op. cit., Vallee, pages 42-43.
  6. “Mystery Airship,” The San Francisco Call, November 22, 1896.
  7. Op. cit., Vallee, page 210.
  8. Keller, T. L., The Total Novice’s Guide To UFOs, 2010, page 366 and digital edition.   Reprinted with permission.  Linda Moulton Howe,  Glimpses of Other Realities, Volume 1: Facts and Eyewitnesses, 1993.
  9. Op. cit., Vallee, page 160.
  10. Op. cit., Vallee, page 159.
  11. Op. cit., Vallee, page 136.
  12. Op. cit., Vallee, page 163.
  13. Op. cit., Vallee, page 277.

© 2019 T. L. KellerTo the readers: if you have a specific topic that you would like presented, please contact the author.  T. L. Keller can be contacted