ESP and Remote Viewing – Part 3

[For those who missed out on both the 1973 announcement and its significance]

By T. L. Keller

Dellafiora, Angela                  civilian, self-described psychic and said to be the most valuable remote viewer to the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).

DIA                                          Defense Intelligence Agency.

ESP                                         Extrasensory Perception.  Occurring or seeming to occur apart from, or in addition to,  the normal function of the usual senses.

McMoneagle, Joe                    US Army Chief Warrant Officer (retired).  He was among the first personnel recruited for the top secret program known as Star Gate (1978–95).  Along with trainer Ingo Swann, McMoneagle is best known for claims surrounding the investigation of remote viewing and the use of paranormal abilities for military intelligence gathering. His interests also included near-death experiences (NDE), out-of-body travel (OBE), and UFOs.

psychokinesis                         the apparent ability to influence physical objects or events by thought processes.  Sometimes referred to as PK.

Puthoff, Hal                            American engineer specializing in gravitational and paranormal research.  Founder of the Stanford Research Institute and currently the director of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Austin, Texas.

remote viewing                      ability to “see” objects at a remote distance using paranormal sensory channels.  Coordinate remote viewing (CRV) is the ability, given the physical coordinates of longitude and latitude, to “see” objects at remote distances.

SRI                                          Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, California. The SRI parapsychology program was headed by Dr. Hal Puthoff and Dr. Russell Targ.  Their remote viewing protocols were established when Ingo Swann was one of their experimental subjects.

Swann, Ingo                            late American psychic, remote viewer and trainer.  Working with Dr. Jacques Vallee, Swann coined the term “coordinate remote viewing” (CRV).

telepathy                                communication between minds by some means other than the normal sensory channels.

zero point                               Absolute zero.  The point of zero temperature (minus 273.15°C or minus 459.67°F).

zero point energy                   A seething mass of energy fluctuations within a vacuum at a temperature of absolute zero.  AKA: ZPE.  [layman definition]

                                                The energy of a system at a temperature of zero. In quantum field theory, the vacuum state is the quantum state with the lowest possible energy; it contains no physical particles, and is the energy of the ground state.  [scientific definition]


Annie Jacobsen is an established author with a specialty, it would seem, of writing about deep black, US Government programs. In 2017, she published Phenomena: The Secret History of the U.S. Government’s Investigations into Extrasensory Perception and Psychokinesis1 Her other titles are: Operation Paperclip, The Pentagon’s Brain and Area 51.  They are all quite extraordinary, to say the least.  Part 1 of this series was published in the XXXXXXXXXXX XXXXissue of The MUFON Journal. Part 1 revealed the early histories of Ingo Swann’s, Uri Geller’s, and Patrick Prices’ contributions to the Stanford Research Institute, remote viewing program.  Part 2 of this series was published in the XXXXXXXXXXX XXXX issue of The MUFON Journal. Part 2 continued with the work contributed to the US Army/Defense Intelligence Agency by Joe McMoneagle, Ed Dames and Angela Dellafiora.  What follows in Part 3 of this series reveals viewer Rosemary Smith’s contribution for the US Air Force and the CIA.  Part 3 concludes with a scientific examination of how ESP, PK and remote viewing may work.

The Experiments (continued)

Rosemary Smith

Scientist Dale Graff was the chief of the Advanced Missile Systems Forecast Section of the USAF’s Foreign Technology Division (FTD).  The FTD was located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, and its assignment was to evaluate technologies being researched or in use by foreign governments.  

In his earlier life, Graff had had an out-of-body experience (OBE) during a seaside vacation. Following that, Graff had a continuing fascination with ESP and parapsychology beyond his assigned work at the FTD.  His off-hours reading material included the topics of mental telepathy, psychokinesis (PK), out-of-body experiences, poltergeists and even UFOs — not the kind a reading that a typical scientist would ever want to touch.  In 1976 he was head of the Electro-Optic Threat Assessment Section at the FTD and his assignment was to research electro-optics to detect Soviet ICBMs at a very long range.  At the height of the Cold War, there was intense research into future Soviet threats.  At the same time, Graff’s keen interest in ESP had not waned, so he proposed to bring remote viewing into his research program.

“Quietly, I began locating people at our facility who seemed interested in ESP.  It was a classified effort,” says Graff.  “Rumors floated.  Rumors that I was looking for ‘sensitive people.’  Remote viewers.”  Someone put Graff in touch with an administrative assistant in the center for satellite photography — Rosemary Smith.  “She came to me and said, ‘I think I have this kind of ability.’” Graff proceeded to give Smith a set of standard SRI tests to evaluate her perception and she passed with “nice results.” 2

Five months passed and Graff was researching how SRI remote viewing protocols might be used by the FTD in an operational, not experimental, capacity.  According to Graff, “The Air Force has a repeating challenge, which is that aircraft go down.  Because of this, the Air Force finds itself spending time searching for lost airplanes,” Graff says, “ours and theirs.” 3 At one point, Graff had completed a proposal as to how his division might be able to locate lost aircraft using ESP.  “I’d just finished writing out the protocols, the various steps involved, when there was quite literally a knock on my door.  I was taken into an office in a classified setting and shown a photograph. ‘This is a missing aircraft.’ I was told.  ‘Can one of your people help find it?” 4  

Now, the reader needs to understand the nature of the photograph (this was not explained in Jacobsen’s book). The photo was of a Russian-built, Tupolev TU-22 “Blinder” (NATO name).  The TU-22 came in two versions: the TU-22 “Blinder” and the TU-22M “Backfire” (NATO name).  The TU-22M “Backfire” was a non-nuclear-carrying, strategic bomber. The TU-22 “Blinder” was its sister ship which was used for electronic intelligence-gathering (ELINT), radar jamming and reconnaissance.  “Blinders” also flew with the “Backfires” and helped protect the “Backfires” from interception.  Therefore, the crashed “Blinder” was carrying highly-valued electronic equipment — exactly what the FTD wanted.  The “Blinder” airframe was of little value; it was what was inside that was of great value.

TU-22 “Blinder” 5

TU-22M “Backfire” 6

As Smith had all of the proper security clearances, Graff proceeded to work the protocols that he had designed with her.  He did not know where the TU-22 had crashed.   “It was informal,” says Graff.  “I showed her the photograph [similar to the above left] and asked if she could receive or achieve any impressions.  After fifteen minutes she was drawing, scribbling, in a light altered state [of consciousness].  She’d sketched a map, made little markings indicating north-south, noted a town and geological formations.”7  Smith then told Graff that the aircraft had gone down “in mountainous terrain, not far from a lake.”  Graff then asked for more specifics.  “She put her pen to the paper and drew a flight path.  ‘It went down here,’ she said, and made a mark.”  Mysteriously, she added that, “She said she saw the pilot bailing out of the aircraft.  At the time I didn’t think it was important,” Graff says.  [Emphasis added] Graff then took the summary of the RV session to the team working on the TU-22 search operation and left.

The next day one of the team members came to his office and told him that Smith had discovered something significant.  Graff was then taken into a classified briefing room and  “read into” the CIA-USAF program.  “Laid out on a large table in this room was a large topographical map covering an area of two hundred by two hundred square miles” of a location in the Republic of Zaire, in Central Africa.  Not exactly where Graff had pictured.  He was told that it was piloted by a Libyan who wanted to defect and had chosen to bail out of the aircraftin flight.  When the pilot had contacted his handlers, the CIA realized that “a gold mine of foreign technology had landed in their lap.” 8  The plane had continued on autopilot until it had run out of fuel and then crashed into a forest without exploding.  A CIA search team had been dispatched to the general location, but due to the density of the forest, the teams were unable to locate it, thus the desperate request for a remote viewer to help locate the site of the crash.

The team members had laid out Smith’s drawing alongside the large topographical map and found that there was a close comparison of Smith’s drawing and descriptions of the mountains and lakes of the region.  Smith was then brought into the room, “read into” the program and asked to look at the large map.  Smith then used an informal “map dowsing” procedure, not dissimilar to one of Uri Geller’s techniques.  Smith then marked a spot on the map.  Map technicians then converted her marked spot into coordinates (latitude and longitude; i.e., this was a sort of coordinated remote viewing in reverse) and then advised the CIA station chief in Zaire where to search.  Graff felt that results might even be better with a second viewer being brought into the mission.  He got permission to travel to SRI and work with a naturally-born “sensitive” by the name of Gary Langford, a former naval officer.  Langford came up with a sketch very similar to Smith’s drawing.  But in the end, his coordinates could not be used due to the limited amount of data that could be transmitted to Zaire using encrypted communications.

Rosemary Smith’s coordinates were then transmitted to the station chief in Zaire and the hunt was on. Graff returned to Wright-Patterson and two days later he had another knock at the door.  They had found the missing aircraft.  When the search team arrived by helicopter, the team spotted a local villager emerging from the forest with an “airplane part under her arm.” The woman then lead the search team to the crash site.  Since the TU-22 had simply run out of fuel, there was no explosion and villagers were unaware of the crash.  “The unit was able to extract valuable foreign technology” from the TU-22 crash, “making the Zaire mission an unprecedented success.” 9    

What follows is only informed speculation by this writer.  At that time, the TU-22 “Blinder” was flown by the Libyan Arab Republic Air Force. 10  It did not explode and instead crashed into the forest.  Of course, it could not be recovered intact, but if we can accept the above statement, that it was a “gold mine of technology,” a great deal was learned. The TU-22 “Blinder,” being a reconnaissance aircraft 11was equipped with assorted intelligence-gathering electronics and, perhaps cameras, at that time unfamiliar to Western governments.  It also may have carried additional radar jamming and electronic countermeasure equipment to protect the TU-22M “Backfire” bombers from ground and air attack.  Additionally, other avionic devices might have been recovered that were unknown at that time.  Was it worth it all?  Apparently. 

The Star Gate Program

Graff went on to witness the creation of the so-called Star Gate program.  His involvement gave him the opportunity to re-develop the existing team to be as operationally effective as possible.  This is to say that it went from experimental to results-generating operations.  He understood that a general theory of the conscious and unconscious psychic ability must be developed, otherwise it would always be an activity on the “fringe.” Star Gate would go on to identify and recruit other natural “sensitives” with “talent” like Joe McMoneagle, Rosemary Smith, Gary Langford, and Angela Dellafiora. 12 

The Science

So, how does ESP, PK and remote viewing work exactly?  Gary Nolan, director of the Nolan Laboratory at Stanford University, suggests that there is a geneticanswer to that question.  Nolan is one of the leading research scientists in genetics, immunology and bioinformatics.   “We are . . . mapping [DNA and immune systems of] people and their families who claim to be remote viewers or have anomalous perception,” says Nolan.  Joe McMoneagle is a member of their research program and has contributed samples of his DNA.  Nolan is attempting to access the DNA of McMoneagle’s deceased twin sister who also was a remote viewer.  “Some people [seem to] repeatedly attract the phenomena or the experiences,” Nolan said. “They act like an antenna or are like lighthouses in the dark.”  In essence, Nolan Laboratory is searching for a gene for paranormality.  Nolan suggests that for those who have claimed UFO encounters, ESP and PK abilities, “You could make a drug to block [the genetic aspect] for those who don’t want it — or even enhance it for others.” 13 This is all still only a hypothesis.  

In Jacobsen’s book, she introduces a general theory about ESP, PK and remote viewing.  It was proposed to her that quantum physics, nonlocality and quantum entanglement are the answers to this mystery.  Quantum entanglement, or what Einstein referred to as “spooky action at a distance” was presented in the August 2019 issue of The MUFON Journal14  It is explained in her book by quoting Michio Kaku:

“The concept of quantum entanglement is difficult to comprehend yet has been elegantly simplified by the theoretical physicist Michio Kaku. Kaku explains quantum entanglement this way: ‘According to the quantum theory, everything vibrates.  When two electrons are placed close together, they vibrate in unison.  When you separate them, that’s when all the fireworks start,’ where quantum entanglement begins. ‘An invisible umbilical cord emerges connecting these two electrons. And you can separate them by as much as a galaxy if you want.  Then, if you vibrate one of them, somehow on the other end of the galaxy the other electron knows that its partner is being jiggled,’ he says.  While entanglement has puzzled physicists ever since Einstein spoke of it (most scientists originally disputed it), quantum entanglement is now an accepted theory.” 15

And what is it that supports or provides a mediumfor this “invisible umbilical” to function? Let’s extend that thought and consider the mediumby which ESP, PK and remote viewing may be transmitted from one’s mind to another or from one mind to a physical object or location.  It would seem apparent that there must be a medium that conducts or allows telepathy to be transmitted.  For this writer, it would seem then that an omnipresent energy field must permeate the space between and, in fact, surrounding us all.  And what might that energy field be?  It’s called zero-point energy and is known as ZPE (see sidebar).   ZPE is a seething mass of energy fluctuations that permeate all time and space throughout, at least, the known Universe. [ZPE was presented in the August 2018 issue of The MUFON Journal16]  Dr. Hal Puthoff and his team at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Austin, Texas, have been studying ZPE for years and hopes to have the solution to this mystery in the nearer years ahead.Does this explain how some UFO experiencers claim to have had telepathic communication with ETIs?  Does this support the claims of channelers and other psychics?  In 1993, Jan Harzan had an opportunity to speak to Ben Rich, the former president of the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works.  Harzan asked Rich how UFO propulsion worked.” Rich said, “How does ESP work?” Harzan responded, “All points in time and space are connected?”  Rich then said, “That’s how it works!” 17 Was Rich more than just a little familiar with the functioning of ESP?  It would appear so.  


  1. Jacobsen, Annie, Phenomena: The Secret History of the U. S. Government’s Investigations into Extrasensory Perception and Psychokinesis, Back Bay Books, 2017.
  2. Ibid, page 212.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid, page 213.
  7. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, page 213.
  8. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, page 214.
  9. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, page 215.
  11. Winchester, Jim, Robert Jackson & David Ross, Military Aircraft, Tanks & Warships, Amber Books, 2017, pages 99 and 163.
  12. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, page 362.
  13. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, pages 400-401.
  14. Keller, T. L., “’Long Distance’ ETI Communication?”, The MUFON Journal, August 2019, pages 18-21.
  15. Op. Cit., Jacobsen, page 392.
  16. Keller, T. L., “ZPE: Breakthrough Science?”,The MUFON Journal, August 2018, pages 18-19, 23.
  17. Keller, T. L., The Total Novice’s Guide To UFOs, 2FS Press, 2010, page 168 and digital edition. 

© T. L. Keller 2019

To the readers: In these series of articles, we attempt to cover the full gamut of UFO/UAP experiences: sightings, ESP and remote viewing, abductions, science and technology, etc.  If you are an experiencer or have a specific topic that you would like presented, please contact the author.  T. L. Keller can be contacted at